Objectivism

Objectivism

The Philosophy of Ayn Rand

Format
Paperback
Price
$22.00
 
Additional Formats
  • Paperback
  • ISBN 9780452011014
  • 512 Pages
  • Plume
  • Adult

Overview

This brilliantly conceived and organized book is based on a lecture course given by Dr. Leonard Peikoff in 1976, entitled “The Philosophy of Objectivism.” The lectures were attended by Ayn Rand, who helped prepare them and also joined Peikoff in answering questions. Ayn Rand said of these lectures: “Until or unless I write a comprehensive treatise on my philosophy, Dr. Peikoff’s course is the only authorized presentation of the entire theoretical structure of Objectivism–that is, the only one that I know of my own knowledge to be fully accurate.”

Dr. Peikoff, Rand’s designated heir and foremost interpreter, reveals the abstract fundamentals of Objectivism and its practical applications in the everyday world. He covers every branch of philosophy recognized by Rand and every philosophic topic she regarded as important–from certainty to money, from logic to art, from measurement to sex. Illustrated with quotes from her published works, complete with an abundance of new material that Ayn Rand offered only in private conversations with Peikoff, these clear, cogent chapters illuminate Objectivism–and its creator–with startling clarity. Now the millions of readers who have been transformed by Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead will discover the full philosophical system underlying Ayn Rand’s stories about life “as it might be and ought to be.”

Objectivism

Objectivism

Leonard Peikoff

Series

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Preface

Chapter 1: Reality
Existence, Consciousness, and Identity as the Basic Axioms
Causality as a Corollary of Identity
Existence as Possessing Primacy over Consciousness
The Metaphysically Given as Absolute
Idealism and Materialism as the Rejection of Basic Axioms

Chapter 2: Sense Perception and Volition
The Senses as Necessarily Valid
Sensory Qualities as Real
Consciousness as Possessing Identity
The Perceptual Level as the Given
The Primary Choice as the Choice to Focus or Not
Human Actions, Mental and Physical, as Both Caused and Free
Volition as Axiomatic

Chapter 3: Concept-Formation
Differentiation and Integration as the Means to a Unit-Perspective
Concept-Formation as a Mathematical Process
Concepts of Consciousness as Involving Measurement-Omission
Definition as the Final Step in Concept-Formation
Concepts as Devices to Achieve Unit-Economy

Chapter 4: Objectivity
Concepts as Objective
Objectivity as Volitional Adherence to Reality by the Method of Logic
Knowledge as Contextual
Knowledge as Hierarchical
Intrinsicism and Subjectivism as the Two Forms of Rejecting Objectivity

Chapter 5: Reason
Emotions as a Product of Ideas
Reason as Man’s Only Means of Knowledge
The Arbitrary as Neither True nor False
Certainty as Contextual
Mysticism and Skepticism as Denials of Reason

Chapter 6: Man
Living Organisms as Goal-Directed and Conditional
Reason as Man’s Basic Means of Survival
Reason as an Attribute of the Individual

Chapter 7: The Good
“Life” as the Essential Root of “Value”
Man’s Life as the Standard of Moral Value
Rationality as the Primary Virtue
The Individual as the Proper Beneficiary of His Own Moral Action
Values as Objective

Chapter 8: Virtue
Independence as a Primary Orientation to Reality, Not to Other Men
Integrity as Loyalty to Rational Principles
Honesty as the Rejection of Unreality
Justice as Rationality in the Evaluation of Men
Productiveness as the Adjustment of Nature to Man
Pride as Moral Ambitiousness
The Initiation of Physical Force as Evil

Chapter 9: Happiness
Virtue as Practical
Happiness as the Normal Condition of Man
Sex as Metaphysical

Chapter 10: Government
Individual Rights as Absolutes
Government as an Agency to Protect Rights
Statism as the Politics of Unreason

Chapter 11: Capitalism
Capitalism as the Only Moral Social System
Capitalism as the System of Objectivity
Opposition to Capitalism as Dependent on Bad Epistemology

Chapter 12: Art
Art as a Concretization of Metaphysics
Romantic Literature as Illustrating the Role of Philosophy in Art
Esthetic Value as Objective

Epilogue: The Duel Between Plato and Aristotle
References
Index

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