The Ace is the highest ranking card; the Two (Deuce) is the lowest ranking.
Spaces is the highest ranking suite followed by Hearts, Diamonds, and Clubs. An easy way to remember ranking is to think of alphabetical order, low to high: C-D-H-S.
In Bridge, the person sitting on your left is referred to as your left-hand opponent and the acronym LHO is used to describe him. The person sitting on your right is referred to as your right-hand opponent and the acronym RHO is used to describe him. These acronyms, LHO and RHO, are used throughout this book.
If you don't take the number of tricks you predicted, you are set or down. That means that your opponents get a score based on the number of tricks you took under what you predicted. So if you predicted you'd make eight tricks and only made seven, you are said to be set 1 or down 1, and your opponents get points for each trick under your prediction, or bid.
The Ten, Jack, Queen, King, and Ace are called honors. When someone asks you how many honors you have in a suit, you count each of these cards as one honor. For example, if you have AQT74 in a suit, you have three honors: the Ace, the Queen, and the Ten.
It generally takes 26 points (HCP plus distribution points) between the two hands in the partnership to produce game in a major suit.
A Strong Two bid is a hand containing at least 22 points. If your longest suit is a major and your hand is unbalanced, you must have at least 8_ tricks and at least one five-card or longer suit. If your longest suit is a minor, you need at least 9_ tricks.
Eights, Nines, and Tens are called body cards.
Ace third means that you have three cards in the suit headed by the bare honor. Any card followed by a number, like third or fourth, means that you have that card plus that number of cards in the suit. So, King fourth means that you have Kxxx in the suit.
A competitive auction is one where both pairs are bidding and competing to get the contract.
You must establish your long suit before you lose your entries, through ducking and the use of the finesse.
A connecting honor is a holding of two consecutive honor cards in the same suit, like the King-Queen or Jack-Ten.
A Jack empty means that the Jack is the top of several unconnected cards, like the J74. JT7 would not be Jack empty.
The only non-forcing bid you can make is to raise your partner's suit. This is called Raise Only Non-Forcing bid and is described by the acronym RONF.
A sacrifice is a bid you make with no hope of making the contract, to keep your opponents from making a vulnerable game. If you're not vulnerable and they are, you can go down three doubled (500 points above the line for them) and still get a better score than if they make their game, which would give them 120 below the line in a major, plus a 700-point bonus for winning the rubber.
A preemptive jump shift tells your partner that you have 5 points or less in your hand, a six-card suit, and you don't have three cards in any major suit she bid.
A cue bid can be a bid of opponent's suit promising a raise or better, or a bid of an unbid suit at a high level after agreement on trump showing first round control.