Black figure kylix, Heracles struggling with the sea-god Triton, ringed by dancing sea-nymphs, ca. 550 B.C.
Fifty Drachma Greek coin inscribed with Homer's profile and name in Ancient Greek

The Greeks believed that The Iliad and The Odyssey were composed by a single poet whom they named HOMER. Nothing is known of his life. While seven Greek cities claim the honor of being his birthplace, ancient tradition and the dialect and locational knowledge of the poems place him in Ionia, located in the eastern Aegean. His birthdate is undocumented as well, though most modern scholars now place the composition of The Iliad and The Odyssey between 725 and 675 b.c. The subject of Homerís epics involves the Trojan War, generally dated around 1200 b.c., but they actually reflect the eighth-century world of the Eastern Mediterranean; a world of dramatic growth and expansion, emerging out of the Dark Ages that followed the collapse of the Mycenaen civilization in the twelfth century.